Southern European countries still have a high number of smokers with the highest prevalence (males and females) recorded in Spain (29%) and Portugal (25%). Smokers are frequent users of health care services, and their contact with the health system might be an adequate teachable moment for quitting. Thus, hospitalization provides a unique opportunity to identify and engage smokers, initiate cessation treatments, and facilitate appropriate follow-up and support.
The main objective of the proposed project is to evaluate the organizational adoption, the implementation, and the effectiveness of an evidence-based and system-level tobacco cessation program after training clinicians on the delivery of a smoking cessation intervention and promoting the use of implementation tools among two hospitals in each participant country (Portugal and Spain). Furthermore, we will assess whether patients progress in their intention to quit, increase the number of quit attempts, and achieve abstinence after hospitalization.
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